Sustainable management of forest trees plantation helps to reduce pressure on native forest.

  • Guidelines are needed in preventing mistakes on environment, sustainability, silvicultural management, and marketing.

Silviculture and Management

Choice of Site and Tree Species

  • The selection of site must fully and comprehensively consider natural site conditions based on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), logistic and economic features of the site, and social environment.
  • Once the site is delineated, the tree species to be planted is determined. The genotype of tree species planted must be carefully matched with the site conditions.
  • This helps to identify and to provide the essential basis for species-site matching (species allocation to the site units) for the next rotation.

Site Protection

  • Sufficiently broad completely protected buffer strips along stream banks and adjacent riparian areas should be kept under special management to reduce environmental problems.

Site Preparation

Site preparation should be closely monitored to avoid serious environmental damage through soil compaction, erosion, and loss of top soil nutrients.

Proper site preparation enhances the early growth and development of tree species through:

  • improvement of soil physical conditions, and
  • the reductions in competition from other vegetation during the establishment phase.

Planting materials

  • The tree species chosen should have abundance availability of planting materials locally.
  • Prior planting seedlings need certification from FRIM.
  • FPDSB or its authorized representatives shall source high quality seedlings from proven provenances and clones.


  • Nutrient supplements are necessary in enhancing tree growth and ensuring the survival of planted forests. This is particularly true on seriously degraded lands.
  • FPDSB shall also source proven effective high technology control release fertilizers that reduces the labor and fertilizer costs when compared with conventional fertilizers. For immature (1-5 years old) and mature (> 6 years old) stands, it cost about RM145 and RM 694 yearly, respectively.
  • Comparatively, the control release fertilizers saves about RM217 and RM390 ha-1yr-1 for immature and mature stands, respectively.

Tending and Weed Control

  • Effective tending and weed control should be developed based on the dynamic competition between tree species and other vegetation covers not only during establishment phase but also later in the rotation to facilitate access for fire control, harvesting and other management activities.

Thinning and Pruning

Thinning and pruning forest trees plantation have substantial influence on the end use and profitability of their products. Timely pruning and thinning are very important in reducing costs and achieving maximum yield increment.

Pest Control and Disease Management

  • Pest and disease management practices are also important to ensure the survival and good growth of planted forest stands.
  • Pest and disease outbreaks can occur at any stage during the rotation. Managers need to be prepared with control strategies.

Fire Control

  • Fire can be a serious threat to the productivity, ecological stability, social and environmental quality of planted forests, and their growing stock.
  • Preparation of fire management and fire suppression plan for each forest plantation area is necessary.


  • Suitable systems of growth and yield prediction by means of simulation should be applied allowing forest manager to respond to changing community and market demands in a manner consistent with the overall objective of sustainable production.

Harvesting and Planning of the Subsequent Rotation

  • Prior logging (within provision from FPDSB), the decision on the logging system and replanting designs need to be outlined. Wherever feasible, this second generation should be planned to become more productive.

Sustainable Management of Forest Trees Plantation

  • Sustainable management is concerned with management of forest trees plantation in continuity i.e. without drop in site productivity for future rotations.
  • The plantation management plan form the basis towards sustainable management. It provide a systematic framework from which the forest manager can prepare a detailed work plan.
  • A research based management to identify an appropriate silvicultural management regime of the tree species planted is important in future decision-making.

Operation Hours

Monday: 08:30 - 5:30
Tuesday: 08:30 - 5:30
Wednesday: 08:30 - 5:30
Thursday: 08:30 - 5:30
Friday: 08:30 - 5:30
Saturday: CLOSED
Sunday: CLOSED

Lunch Time : 1.00PM-2.00PM
Lunch Time Friday: 12.15PM-2.45PM

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Contact Us

Forest Plantation Development Sdn Bhd,
Level 9, Menara PGRM 2,
No.8, Jalan Pudu Ulu, Cheras,
56100 Kuala Lumpur.

Tel : 603- 9282 9000
Fax : 603-9286 1002 / 1003

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